Tea tasting habits, elegant affairs. China, is the homeland of tea, Chinese people drink tea, is said to have begun in the Shennong era, after the practice in later generations, the Tang Dynasty tea sage Lu Yu’s “Tea Book” fully demonstrates the profound and profound Chinese tea culture.
To this day, there are still tea lovers who have this argument: which type of tea is better and of higher value? In fact, tea is divided into six categories, there is no good or bad, suitable for their own taste and suitable for their own physique, is good.
In China, tea is divided into six categories according to the degree of fermentation, namely black tea, green tea, oolong tea, yellow tea, dark tea and white tea.
Black tea process:
It mainly includes withering, twisting, fermentation and drying. Fermentation is the basis of black tea processing, polyphenol oxidation enzymes oxidize tea polyphenols to form theaflavin, theaflavin and theaflavin, and the fresh tea leaves change from “green” to “red”. The basic requirement of black tea is “red soup and red leaves”.
Black tea has the efficacy of warming the stomach and nourishing the body, refreshing the mind, eliminating fatigue, eliminating edema, stopping diarrhea, antibacterial and enhancing immunity. Black tea is mild in nature and mellow in taste. Regular consumption of black tea with sugar or milk can not only warm the stomach, but also anti-inflammatory, protect the gastric mucosa, and have a certain effect on the treatment of ulcers. Black tea helps gastrointestinal digestion, can promote appetite, can effectively prevent myocardial infarction, strengthen the function of the heart muscle, reduce blood sugar levels and high blood pressure, prevent tooth decay and food poisoning, etc.
Keemun, Dianhong, Lapsang Souchong, etc.
Green tea process:
It mainly includes killing, making shape and drying. Killing is the basis of green tea processing, high temperature kills many enzymes in the fresh tea leaves, so that it always maintains the green state in the subsequent processing. The “three greens” of green tea (dry tea green, tea soup green, leaf base green) is the first priority, the aroma is elegant, and the taste is fresh and refreshing.
Green tea has a variety of effects such as slowing down the aging process, awakening the brain and refreshing the mind, beauty and skin care, diuretic and relieving fatigue. Green tea contains powerful antioxidants and vitamin C, which can scavenge free radicals in the body and secrete hormones that fight tension. The small amount of caffeine it contains can stimulate the central system and invigorate the spirit.
West Lake Dragon Well, Xinyang Maojian, Biluochun, etc.
Oolong tea process:
It mainly includes withering, greening, killing, twisting, shaping and drying. Greening is the basis of green tea processing. The edges of fresh leaves collide and turn red in the greening process, developing a unique aroma and forming a “green leaf with red edges”.
Oolong tea contains more than four hundred and fifty kinds of organic chemical components and more than forty kinds of inorganic mineral elements. Oolong tea can eliminate the active oxygen that is harmful to beauty and health; it can also slim down and fight against tumors. Oolong tea compared with black tea and green tea, in addition to stimulating the activity of pancreatic lipolytic enzymes, reducing the absorption of sugar and fatty foods, but also to promote fat burning and reduce the accumulation of abdominal fat.
Anxi Tieguanyin, Wuyi Rock Tea, Alpine Iced Top Oolong, etc.
Yellow tea process:
It mainly includes killing, boring yellow, making shape and drying. Boring yellow is the basis of yellow tea processing, in which the tea polyphenols are decomposed and transformed to make the taste of yellow tea more mellow. The requirement is “yellow soup and yellow leaves”, which is less refreshing and more mellow than green tea.
Yellow tea is a type of fermented tea. The production of yellow tea is similar to that of green tea, but the difference is that there is an additional process of smothering. This smothering process is the main feature of the yellow tea production method, and is also the basic difference between it and green tea. Yellow tea is rich in polyphenols, amino acids, soluble sugars, vitamins and other nutrients, which are very beneficial to human body.
Junshan Silver Needle, Mengding Yellow Bud and Mogan Yellow Bud, etc.
Dark tea process:
It mainly includes killing, kneading, stacking, drying, and subsequent sieving and pressing. The exogenous microorganisms act with the substances in the tea leaves to produce the unique quality characteristics of black tea. In particular, raw Puerh tea belongs to sun-blue green tea because it does not have the process of piling; ripe Puerh tea belongs to dark tea. The main characteristic is “aging and mellow”, with dry tea being black and moist, soup being orange and red, taste being mellow, and aroma being aged. If it is not stored properly, it will easily become moldy and damp.
Drinking dark tea in summer can not only clear the heat and quench thirst, produce thirst, diuretic and detoxification, but also eliminate food and fat. The flavonoids, catechins and vitamins C and E in dark tea can play an antioxidant role. In addition, theanine in dark tea has a very good effect on lowering blood pressure.
Ripe Puerh, Guangxi Liubao Tea, etc.
White tea process:
It mainly includes withering and drying. The fresh leaves full of white velvet are picked, and during the long 2-3 days withering process, more than half of the catechins of the fresh leaves are decomposed, reducing the bitterness and astringency of the tea leaves, while developing a unique hairs aroma. The dry tea is required to be white and gray, the tea broth is apricot yellow, and the tea is tasted with soy milk rhythm. And Anji white tea is named because of the low chlorophyll content of tea tree leaves, and belongs to green tea according to the processing classification.
White tea is an essential summer tea in many regions to prevent cancer, prevent heat, detoxify the body and cure toothache. In addition to the nutrients inherent in other teas, white tea also contains active enzymes that are essential for the human body and can promote blood sugar balance. White tea efficacy has the health benefits of three anti (anti-radiation, antioxidant, anti-tumor) and three down (lower blood pressure, lower blood lipids, lower blood sugar), as well as the health benefits of nourishing the heart, liver, eyes, mind, qi and face.
White Peony, White Hair Silver Needle, etc.
Sip tea and talk about the world, enjoy the flowers and talk about life. Tea, each has its own strengths, each has its own love, and what suits you is the best.